Disliking Others: Loathing, Hostility, and Distrust in Premodern Ottoman Lands

Disliking Others: Loathing, Hostility, and Distrust in Premodern Ottoman Lands

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Edited by Hakan T. Karateke, H. Erdem Çıpa and Helga Anetshofer

Series: Ottoman and Turkish Studies
ISBN: 9781618118806 (hardcover)
Pages: approx. 400 pp.
Publication Date: July 2018

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Recent historical studies on the Ottoman Empire have taken for granted that subjects of the Ottoman polity flourished under a so-called “Pax Ottomanica.” This edited volume probes the rosy narrative of Ottoman tolerance that has long dominated the discussions. The articles carefully strive to contextualize the many issues that sound like ethnic slurs, racial stereotyping, religious discrimination, misogyny and elitism to modern ears. The goal of the volume is not to prove that Ottoman society was a persecuting one, or that dislike or distrust was its defining characteristic, but to investigate the axes of tension, blemishes, and fractures in the everyday practice of coexistence in a dynamic, multi-religious, multi-confessional and multi-ethnic empire in which difference was the norm rather than the exception.


Hakan T. Karateke is Professor of Ottoman and Turkish Culture, Language, and Literature at the University of Chicago. He earned his doctorate in Ottoman and Turkish Studies from Bamberg University, Germany and completed his habilitation in the same field at Vienna University. He is a cultural historian, and has published on Ottoman court ceremonies, historiography, and travelers.

H. Erdem Çıpa is Associate Professor of Ottoman History at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He earned his doctorate in History and Middle Eastern Studies at Harvard University. The primary focus of his work is the history and historiography of the Ottoman Empire, with a specific emphasis on dissident movements and succession struggles.

Helga Anetshofer (PhD, Vienna University 2001) is an Ottoman philologist by training, and her work focuses on Old Anatolian Turkish language and narrative literature. Her research interests also include women, gender and sexuality issues, as well as topics in cultural history as reflected in popular storytelling and epic romances.


Table of Contents

Introduction

Changing Perceptions about Christian-born Ottomans: Anti-ḳul Sentiments in Ottoman Historiography
H. Erdem Çıpa

Circassian Mamluks in Ottoman Egypt and Istanbul, ca. 1500–1730: The Eastern Alternative
Jane Hathaway

Dispelling the Darkness of the Halberdier’s Treatise: A Comparative Look at Black Africans in Ottoman Letters in the Early Modern Period
Baki Tezcan

The Jew, the Orthodox Christian, and the European in Ottoman Eyes, ca. 1550–1700
Bilha Moor

An Ottoman Anti-Judaism
Hakan T. Karateke

Evliyā Çelebī’s Perception of Jews
Hakan T. Karateke

Ambiguous Subjects and Uneasy Neighbors: Bosnian Franciscans’ Attitudes toward the Ottoman State, ‘Turks,’ and Vlachs
Vjeran Kursar

‘Those Violating the Good, Old Customs of our Land’: Forms and Functions of Graecophobia in the Danubian Principalities, 16th–18th Centuries
Konrad Petrovszky

Representing the Margins: The Many Faces of the ‘Gypsy’ in Early Modern Ottoman Discourse
Faika Çelik

Gendered Infidels in Fiction: A Case Study on S̱ābit’s Ḥikāye-i Ḫvāce Fesād
İpek Hüner-Cora

‘The Greatest of Tribulations’: Constructions of Femininity in Sixteenth-Century Ottoman Physiognomy
Emin Lelić

Defining and Defaming the Other in Early Seventeenth-Century Ottoman Invective
Michael Sheridan

‘Are You From Çorum?’: Derogatory Attitudes Toward the “Unruly Mob” of the Provinces as Reflected in a Proverbial Saying
Helga Anetshofer